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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Natural and Prosthetic Heart Valve Calcification: Morphology and Chemical Composition Characterization|
|Abstract:||Calcification is the most common cause of damage and subsequent failure of heart valves. Although it is a common phenomenon, little is known about it, and less about the inorganic phase obtained from this type of calcification. This article describes the scanning electron microscopy (SEM)/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and Ca K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) characterization performed in natural and bioprosthetic heart valves calcified in vivo (in comparison to in vitro-calcified valves). SEM micrographs indicated the presence of deposits of similar morphology, and XANES results indicate, at a molecular level, that the calcification mechanism of both types of valves are probably similar, resulting in formation of poorly crystalline hydroxyapatite deposits, with Ca/P ratios that increase with time, depending on the maturation state. These findings may contribute to the search for long-term efficient anticalcification treatments.|
X-ray absorption near edge structure
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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