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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Broadening of the fluorescence spectra of hydrocarbons in ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers and the dynamics of the glass transition
Author: Martins, TD
Yamaki, SB
Prado, EA
Atvars, TDZ
Abstract: The steady-state fluorescence of two fluorescent condensed aromatic hydrocarbons (anthracene and pyrene) with different fluorescence decay rates (a few nanoseconds and hundreds of nanoseconds, respectively) were employed to investigate the relaxation processes of several random ethylene-co-vinyl acetate copolymers (EVA). Copolymers with various comonomer compositions (EVA-9, EVA-18, EVA-25 and EVA-33) were studied. Data for the EVAs were compared with the same aromatic molecules in low-density polyethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) homopolymer models. The fluorescence rate constants were measured by single photon counting at room temperature. The wavelength dependence of the emission spectra (the edge-excitation red-shift (EERS)) were studied at room temperature and at 77 K and the data were interpreted based on the correlation of the differences of decay rates for both molecules and the time correlation of the polymer relaxation processes. The spectral broadenings (full-width at half-maximum (FWHM)) of the fluorescence spectra were studied from 20 to 400 K, which included temperature ranges above and below the glass transition, and these broadenings are compared. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: ethylene-co-vinyl acetate copolymers
spectral broadening
relaxation processes
fluorescence spectroscopy
anthracene and pyrene
Country: Suíça
Editor: Elsevier Science Sa
Citation: Journal Of Photochemistry And Photobiology A-chemistry. Elsevier Science Sa, v. 156, n. 41699, n. 91, n. 103, 2003.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S1010-6030(02)00401-X
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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