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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Chemical Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium and Its Immobilisation Under Batch Conditions Using a Slurry Reactor|
Da Silva, LM
|Abstract:||Chemical reduction of the hexavalent chromium, Cr(VI), present in contaminated soil and groundwater was carried out in a slurry reactor under dynamic conditions (120 rpm and 25 degrees C) using different reductants [ferrous sulphate (Fe(II))], sodium bisulphite, sucrose, ascorbic acid and zerovalent iron (ZVI)] in order to evaluate the influence of the reductant on the redox process. Chemical analysis of the contaminated soil revealed a Cr(VI) concentration of 528 +/- 31 mg kg(-1). Batch studies under dynamic conditions (slurry reactor) using different [Cr(VI)]/[reductant] molar ratios revealed that only Fe(II) and ZVI species can promote both reduction of Cr(VI) and immobilisation of Cr(III) (formation of an insoluble hydroxide compound). It was verified that 1.0 g of ZVI is capable of converting 104 +/- 5 mg of Cr (VI) in Cr(III). A kinetic redox study was carried out using ZVI in different conditions. In all cases, it was verified that Cr(VI) reduction follows a pseudo-first-order kinetic behaviour. The dependence of the pseudo-first-order kinetic rate constant, k(obs), on [ZVI] indicates that the redox process taking place in the slurry reactor is rather complex. A phenomenological kinetic equation for the redox process taking place in the slurry reactor was presented in order to describe the behaviour of k(obs) under non-ideal conditions.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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