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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Chemical composition of essential oils of Croton hirtus L'Her from Piaui (Brazil)
Author: de Lima, SG
Medeiros, LBP
Cunha, CNLC
da Silva, D
de Andrade, NC
Neto, JMM
Lopes, JAD
Steffen, RA
Araujo, BQ
Reis, FDM
Abstract: The essential oils from the fresh leaves of Croton hirtus from two locations, Teresina and Simoes in Piaui State, located in northeastern Brazil were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques and further confirmed by H-1 and C-13 NMR. The main compounds found in the oil of the leaves from C. hirtus collected at Simoes were spathulenol (26.7%), E-caryophyllene (10.0%), bicyclogermacrene (9.5%), alpha-cadinol (7.7%) and cubenol (7.0%). At Teresina, the harvest was carried out in two different months and in three periods of the day, and E-caryophyllene (27.9-37.3%), germacrene D (6.3-33.7%), alpha-cadinene (7.0-16.1%), delta-cadinene (1.8-13.5%) and alpha-humulene (3.6-4.6%) were identified as the major constituents. The brine shrimp (Artemia salina Leach) lethality bioassay, carried out to investigate the toxicity of the essential oils, showed 50% lethal concentration (LC50) values of 11.24 and 11.85 mu g/mL for samples from Teresina and Simoes, respectively.
Subject: Croton hirtus
essential oil composition
germacrene D
chemical variability
Country: EUA
Editor: Taylor & Francis Inc
Citation: Journal Of Essential Oil Research. Taylor & Francis Inc, v. 24, n. 4, n. 371, n. 376, 2012.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1080/10412905.2012.692908
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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