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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Chemical characterization of the oil and pulp of marolo (Annona coriaceae)|
|Abstract:||Belonging to the Annonacene family, marolo (Annona corinceae) is a native species of the Brazilian ''cerrado'' region (Minas Gerais, Goias and Distrito Federal) and can be found in South American tropical zones. Its fruits are highly consumed by local people and commercialized in markets or street stalls. There is, however, a tendency for the extinction of marolo due to deforestation and the large scale plantation of monocultures instead of native plants. The literature still offers no data on the chemical composition of the proximate composition and vitamin C, A and tannin contents were carried out on the yellow marolo pulp as well as the determination of the physico-chemical caracteristics of the seed oil. Five batches of fruit from the Alfenas region -south of Minas Gerais State- were analysed in this work and their average composition were: humidity 77%, total sugar 15%, reducing sugar 11%, crude protein 1%, lipids 3%, fiber 5% and fixed mineral residue 1%. The contents of vitamin C and A were 8.2 mg/100g and 117.5 RE/100g, respectively, and the tannin content was 245 mg/100g. The results showed high fiber and lipid contents of marolo pulp in comparison with many other tropical fruit pulps. The vitamin C contents were equivalent to those found in avocado, pineapple and watermelon, while the vitamin A contents were equivalent to papaya, peach, guava and several other tropical fruits. Marolo seed contains 45% of oil on a dry basis. Its composition and physico-chemical caracteristics showed the possibility of producing a good quality oil, with great potential for the fine oil market. However the presence of alkaloids in the oil needs to be further studied. Their elimination could be done by refining or extration in a continous press. The results exalt the high quality of marolo pulp, showing that the preservation of native species should be stimulated.|
|Editor:||Archivos Latinoamericanos Nutricion|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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