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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Characterization of the nanomorphology of polymer-silica colloidal nanocomposites using electron spectroscopy imaging|
|Abstract:||The internal nanomorphologies of two types of vinyl polymer-silica colloidal nanocomposites were assessed using electron spectroscopy imaging (ESI). This technique enables the spatial location and concentration of the ultrafine silica sol within the nanocomposite particles to be determined. The ESI data confirmed that the ultrafine silica sol was distributed uniformly throughout the poly(4-vinylpyridine)/silica nanocomposite particles, which is consistent with the "currant bun" morphology previously used to describe this system. In contrast, the polystyrene/silica particles had a pronounced "core-shell" morphology, with the silica sol forming a well-defined monolayer surrounding the nanocomposite cores. Thus these ESI results provide direct verification of the two types of nanocomposite morphologies that were previously only inferred on the basis of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and aqueous electrophoresis studies. Moreover, ESI also allows the unambiguous identification of a minor population of polystyrene/silica nanocomposite particles that are not encapsulated by silica shells. The existence of this second morphology was hitherto unsuspected, but it is understandable given the conditions employed to synthesize these nanocomposites. It appears that ESI is a powerful technique for the characterization of colloidal nanocomposite particles.|
|Editor:||Amer Chemical Soc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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