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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Characterization of a plasmid-encoded adhesin of an avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strain isolated from a case of swollen head syndrome (SHS)|
da Silveira, WD
|Abstract:||An avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strain designated SHS4, isolated from a chicken with clinical signs of swollen head syndrome (SHS), adhered to but did not invade Hep-2 and tracheal epithelial cells. The PCR amplified fimA, csgA and tsh gene sequences. It produced Ia, Ib, E1, E3, K, and B colicins, but not colicin V and aerobactin. It harboured two plasmids of 60 and 98 MDa and was resistant to streptomycin and tetracycline. Conjugation with a nalidixic acid (Na) resistant K-12 recipient strain (MS 101) showed that the 98 MDa plasmid did not transfer, whereas transfer of the 60 MDa plasmid resulted in concomitant transfer of adhesion to Hep-2 and tracheal epithelial cells, production of the colicins la, E1, E3, and K, and the tsh-related DNA sequence. Transposon (TnphoA) mutagenesis of strain TR4 gave rise to strain Mut23, which lost its adhesive capacities, but was still able to express the same colicins as did strain TR4. PCR was able to amplify the tsh-related DNA sequence in this strain and a molecular probe based on transposon TnphoA indicated that the transposon was inserted in the 60 MDa plasmid. Based on these results, we suggest that the 60 MDa plasmid have adhesion genes, which may be responsible for the initial colonization of the upper respiratory tract of chickens. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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