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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Diversity analyses of microbial communities in petroleum samples from Brazilian oil fields
Author: Silva, TR
Verde, LCL
Neto, EVS
Oliveira, VM
Abstract: Recent studies of oil fields have shown that the microbial diversity is represented by bacteria and archaea of wide distribution, and that many of these organisms have potential to metabolize organic and inorganic compounds. Biodegradation processes in oil industry are of great relevance, since it may be related with the loss of petroleum quality and can bring problems during production. The aim of this study was to compare the microbial communities present in biodegraded (GMR75) and non-biodegraded (PTS1) terrestrial oils from the Potiguar Basin (RN, Brazil) by using cultivation (microbial enrichments and isolation) and molecular approaches (16S rRNA gene libraries). The cultivated microorganisms recovered were affiliated with the phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria. Both bacterial 16S rRNA gene libraries revealed a great diversity, encompassing representatives from 8 different phyla (Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Deferribacteres, Spirochaetes, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Thermotogae and Synergistetes) for the GMR75 sample, and from 5 different phyla (Actinobacteria, Chloroflexi, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and Thermotoga) for the PTS1 sample. The archaeal 16S rRNA gene library was obtained only for GMR75 oil and all phylotypes were affiliated with the family Methanomicrobiaceae. Diversity results suggest that methanogenesis is the dominant terminal process for hydrocarbon degradation in GMR oil field, driven by anaerobic biodegradation. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Petroleum microbiology
rRNA 165
Microbial diversity
Oil degradation
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.ibiod.2012.05.005
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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