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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Objective measurement of contrast sensitivity function using contrast sweep visual evoked responses
Author: de Faria, JML
Katsumi, O
Arai, M
Hirose, T
Abstract: Aim/background-The contrast sensitivity function (CSF) measurement provides information that is not accessible by standard visual acuity determinations. The contrast sweep pattern reversal visual evoked responses (CSVER) technique was used to objectively measure the CSF in clinical practice. Methods-The contrast thresholds were measured at five spatial frequencies in 10 normal subjects. The CSVER were recorded with sinusoidally modulated vertical gratings at 10 contrast levels (96, 64, 48, 32, 16, 8, 4, 2, 1, and 0.5%) presented in five spatial frequencies (0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, and 8.0 cycles per degree). Each of 10 contrast levels was displayed for 2 seconds at the desired spatial frequency. The CSVER amplitudes at the second harmonic were calculated by discrete Fourier transform. The results were compared with those obtained using a psychophysical method. Results-An inverted U-shaped CSF which peaked at 2.0 cycles per degree with a contrast sensitivity of 34.5 (contrast, 2.9%) was observed. The CSF assessed electrophysiologically was 0.62 to 0.79 log units lower than the sensitivity measured using the psychophysical method. However, the overall shapes were highly correlated. Conclusion-One can objectively measure CSF with CSVER and this may be useful in patients in whom the psychophysical method is Limited.
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: British Med Journal Publ Group
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1136/bjo.82.2.168
Date Issue: 1998
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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