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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||NOR Dispersion, Telomeric Sequence Detection in Centromeric Regions and Meiotic Multivalent Configurations in Species of the Aplastodiscus albofrenatus Group (Anura, Hylidae)|
|Abstract:||In the present study, we examined the chromosome number and morphology, heterochromatin pattern, and location of the nucleolar organizer region (NOR) and telomeric sequences in Aplastodiscus albofrenatus, A. arildae, A. ehrhardti and A. eugenioi in order to cytogenetically characterize the Aplastodiscus albofrenatus group. The 4 species analyzed in this study had diploid numbers of 2n = 22 and very similar chromosome morphology. These species could be differentiated based on the distribution and amount of heterochromatin and the location of the nucleolar organizer region (NOR). Six of the 8 A. albofrenatus individuals had an NOR polymorphism previously unknown in anurans since only one of the homologs of pairs 1 and 7 was stained. In the other 2 specimens, the NOR occurred on both homologs of pair 7. In A. ehrhardti, pairs 6 and 10 were stained by the Ag-NOR technique, but only pair 6 was confirmed by in situ hybridization. The NOR was located on pair 10 in A. arildae and on pair 7 in A. eugenioi. In A. albofrenatus and A. arildae, multivalent rings involving NOR-containing chromosomes were observed during prophase I of meiosis. The telomeric probe identified the telomeres in all species and also centromeric regions in the chromosomes of A. albofrenatus and A. arildae, which were coincident with centromeric heterochromatin. The conserved chromosomal morphology seen mainly in the first 7 pairs among species of the A. albofrenatus group suggests that all of these species probably originated from a common ancestral karyotype and that chromosomal rearrangements resulted in karyotype differentiation, with changes in NOR location, as well as telomeric and heterochromatin dispersal. Copyright (C) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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