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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Dexamethasone treatment in vivo counteracts the functional pancreatic islet alterations caused by malnourishment in rats|
|Abstract:||The effects of dexamethasone (Dex) on the metabolic parameters, peripheral insulin, and glucose sensitivity in vivo as well as on islet function ex vivo of rats submitted to low-protein diet were analyzed. Dexamethasone (1.0 mg/kg body weight) was administered intraperitoneally daily to adult Wistar rats fed on a normal-protein diet or low-protein diet (LPD) for 5 days, whereas control rats fed on a normal-protein diet or low-protein diet (LP) received saline alone. At the end of the experimental period, LP rats showed a significant reduction in serum insulin, total serum protein, and serum albumin levels compared with rats fed on a normal-protein diet (P < .05). All these parameters tended to be normalized in LPD rats (P < .05); furthermore, these rats exhibited increased serum glucose and nonesterified fatty acid levels compared with LP rats (P < .05). Rats submitted to the low-protein diet demonstrated normal peripheral glucose sensitivity and improved peripheral insulin sensitivity, which was reversed by Dex treatment. A reduced area of islets from LP rats was partially recovered in LPD rats (P < .05). At 16.7 mmol/L glucose, insulin secretion from LPD islets was also partially recovered and was significantly higher than that from LP islets (P < .05). In conclusion, induction of insulin resistance by Dex treatment reverses most of the metabolic alterations in rats submitted to a low-protein diet. In addition, several islet functions were also improved by Dex, confirming the plasticity of pancreatic islets in adverse conditions. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||W B Saunders Co-elsevier Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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