Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/61644
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Developments in international bioenergy trade
Author: Junginger, M
Bolkesjo, T
Bradley, D
Dolzan, P
Faaij, A
Heinimo, J
Hektor, B
Leistad, O
Ling, E
Perry, M
Piacente, E
Rosillo-Calle, F
Ryckmans, Y
Schouwenberg, PP
Solberg, B
Tromborg, E
Walter, AD
de Wit, M
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present a synthesis of the main developments and drivers of international bioenergy trade in IEA Bioenergy Task 40 member countries, based on various country reports written by Task 40 members. Special attention is given to pellet and ethanol trade. In many European countries such as Belgium, Finland, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK, imported biomass contributes already significantly (between 21% and 43%) to total biomass use. Wood pellets are currently exported by Canada, Finland and (to a small extent) Brazil and Norway, and imported by Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands, and the UK. In the Netherlands and Belgium, pellet imports nowadays contribute to a major share to total renewable electricity production. Trade in bio-ethanol is another example of a rapidly growing international market. With the EU-wide target of 5.75% biofuels for transportation in 2010 (and 10% in 2020), exports from Brazil and other countries to Europe are likely to rise as well. Major drivers for international bioenergy trade in general are the large resource potentials and relatively low production costs in producing countries such as Canada and Brazil, and high fossil fuel prices and various policy incentives to stimulate biomass use in importing countries. However, the logistic infrastructure both in exporting and importing countries needs to be developed to access larger physical biomass volumes and to reach other (i.e. smaller) end-consumers. It is concluded that international bioenergy trade is growing rapidly, far beyond what was deemed possible only a few years ago, and may in the future in some Task 40 countries surpass domestic biomass use, especially for specific applications (e.g. transport fuels). (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: international bioenergy trade
wood pellets
bio-ethanol
IEA Bioenergy Task 40
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.01.019
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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