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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Development of hypertension in a pyelonephritis-induced model: The effect of salt intake and inability of renal sodium handling|
de Almeida, AR
|Abstract:||The role of the kidney in the control of blood pressure has been convincingly demonstrated by several studies. Recent evidence has suggested that subtle acquired tubulointerstitial injury may cause a defect in sodium excretion function, thus leading to salt-sensitive hypertension. There are no reports, however, examining the effect of experimental chronic pyelonephritis on renal sodium handling and arterial pressure. Thus, to examine the influence of salt intake and unilateral nephrectomy, unanesthetized, unrestrained rats were randomly assigned to one of two separate groups: sham-operated rats ( CO) or chronic unilateral pyelonephritic rats (CP). After twenty one days, the pyelonephritic group was subdivided in two: one subgroup continued with water intake (CPw), while the other was changed to 0.9% NaCl intake (CPs), like the control group (COs). After seven days, all rats were submitted to unilateral nephrectomy of the left normal kidney. Data presented herein show that chronic pyelonephritis produced an increase in mean arterial pressure ( CO: 121.4 +/- 1.0 mmHg to CP: 127.0 +/- 0.9 mmHg, p = 0.000) that was enhanced by saline ingestion ( COs: 121.6 +/- 1.4 mmHg; CPw: 127.0 +/- 1.8 mmHg; CPs: 132.1 +/- 1.2 mmHg, p = 0.000) and further aggravated by unilateral nephrectomy ( CO: 125.2 +/- 2.6 mmHg; CPw: 127.5 +/- 0.9 mmHg; CPs: 139.2 +/- 1.1 mmHg, p = 0.000). Unchanged blood pressure measurements ( 120.2 +/- 2.3 mmHg) were observed beyond 21 days in control rats maintained on water regimen when compared with saline-drinking groups. These changes in mean arterial pressure were observed despite an increased fractional sodium excretion in the CPs group compared to the other groups before uninephrectomy ( COs: 0.125 +/- 0.025%; CPw: 0.045 +/- 0.013%; CPs: 0.292 +/- 0.046%; p= 0.000), as compared to CPw after uninephrectomy ( COs: 0.249 +/- 0.077%; CPw: 0.062 +/- 0.011%; CPs: 0.363 +/- 0.195%, p= 0.019). In addition, it was shown that daily liquid intake was higher in CPs than in CPw but similar to COs, both before uninephrectomy ( COs: 42.8 +/- 2.6 ml/d; CPw: 34.3 +/- 3.5 ml/d; CPs: 51.8 +/- 3.7 ml/d, p= 0.006) and after uninephrectomy ( COs: 40.9 +/- 5.5 ml/d; CPw: 33.8 +/- 1.4 ml/d; CPs: 53.0 +/- 3.5 ml/d, p= 0.004). The current data suggest that chronic pyelonephritis promotes an inability of renal tubules to handle sodium excretion when exposed to sodium overload and aggravated by uninephrectomy, thus constituting a model for salt-sensitive hypertension.|
|Editor:||Taylor & Francis Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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