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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Development of an experimental model of liver cirrhosis in rabbits
Author: Brandao, CG
Ferreira, HHA
Piovesana, H
Polimeno, NC
Ferraz, JGP
de Nucci, G
Pedrazzoli, J
Abstract: 1. The aim of the present study was to develop an experimental model of liver cirrhosis in rabbits using CCl4 and phenobarbital. 2. Liver cirrhosis was induced in male New Zealand white rabbits (n = 10) by intragastric administration of CCl4 once weekly starting 14 days after the addition of phenobarbital to the drinking water (50 mg/day). Controls received phenobarbital only (n = 7). Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma -glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), albumin and bilirubin levels were determined throughout CCl4 treatment. The initial dose of CCl4 was 20 mug and subsequent doses were calculated to maintain AST and ALT levels between 400 and 800 IU/L for the duration of treatment (16 weeks). Indocyanine green (ICG) clearance was performed before and at the end of CCl4 treatment. Animals were killed at 16 weeks and three fragments of each liver lobe were processed for histological examination. A semiquantitative score was used to evaluate the development of fibrosis. 3. Cirrhosis developed in 80% of rabbits treated with CCl4. These animals did not gain weight compared with controls (P < 0.05). A significant reduction of ICG clearance was observed in CCl4-treated rabbits compared with controls (P < 0.05). The AST, ALT, bilirubin and gamma -GGT levels were elevated in CCl4-treated rabbits. 4. In conclusion, this model is successful in producing liver cirrhosis and may be useful in studies investigating metabolic, immunological or biochemical changes during the evolution of chronic liver disease.
Subject: CCl4
liver injury
portal hypertension
Country: Australia
Editor: Blackwell Science Asia
Citation: Clinical And Experimental Pharmacology And Physiology. Blackwell Science Asia, v. 27, n. 12, n. 987, n. 990, 2000.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1046/j.1440-1681.2000.03381.x
Date Issue: 2000
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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