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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Determination of the vectorelectrogram in isolated rat atria: application to the study of arrhythmias
Author: Zafalon, N
Bassani, JWM
Bassani, RA
Abstract: Atrial tachyarrhythmias, the most frequent type of cardiac arrhythmia, are associated with increased stroke risk. Reentry and focal activity are considered as the main mechanisms underlying this dysfunction. In this study, we describe determination of the vectorelectrogram in isolated rat atria as a means to distinguish different patterns of electrical propagation. In all studied right atria beating at sinus rhythm, the mean electric vector (MEV) trajectory was clockwise, and each cycle was preceded by electric diastole (null MEV), either in the absence or presence of muscarinic cholinergic or beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation. During cholinergic tachyarrhythmia (induced by high-rate electric stimulation in both atria, plus exposure to carbachol in left atria), vector loops were ellipsoidal and stable, with variable direction, and did not cross the origin, which is consistent with reentrant activation and with findings obtained in vivo by other authors. In contrast, during spontaneous activity induced by rapid pacing in isoproterenol-exposed left atria, vector loops were similar to those in right atria at sinus rhythm, thus suggestive of focal activity. It is concluded that the vectorelectrogram approach allows discrimination of different patterns of propagation during arrhythmia in isolated atria and may be useful for high-output tests of pro- and anti-arrhythmic compounds.
Subject: vectorelectrogram
electrical propagation
isolated atrium
autonomic neurotransmitters
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Iop Publishing Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1088/0967-3334/30/11/011
Date Issue: 2009
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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