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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Determination of ionizable groups of proteins by potentiometric titration in concentrated solutions of guanidine hydrochloride
Author: Masini, JC
Godinho, OES
Aleixo, LM
Abstract: A linearization method based on modified Gran functions, and a general nonlinear regression program were used to study potentiometric titration curves of denatured ovalbumin and lysozyme in 6 mol L-1 guanidine hydrochloride medium with the aim of determining the ionizable species. With both numerical techniques it was possible to determine the sum of the carboxylic groups, the imidazol, the alpha-amine, and the sum of epsilon-amine, phenolic and sulfhydryl groups, if the protein is completely denatured, and assumes a randomly coiled conformation. A total of 87.8 +/- 2.5 and 20.7 +/- 0.6 groups per mol were determined in the ovalbumin and lysozyme, respectively. These values are very close to the 88 and 21 groups expected by aminoacid composition of both proteins, indicating that all ionizable groups were exposed to the solvent. For ovalbumin the distribution of groups was very similar to that expected by the aminoacid composition, but for lysozyme some anomalies were observed, suggesting the existence of interactions between ionizable groups, altering the dissociation constants.
Country: EUA
Editor: Springer Verlag
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s002160050651
Date Issue: 1998
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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