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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Kinetics and Thermal Properties of Crude and Purified beta-Galactosidase with Potential for the Production of Galactooligosaccharides
Author: Braga, ARC
Manera, AP
Ores, JD
Sala, L
Maugeri, F
Kalil, SJ
Abstract: beta-Galactosidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of lactose. It has potential importance due to various applications in the food and dairy industries, involving lactose-reduced ingredients. The properties of two beta-galactosidase enzymes, crude and purified, from different sources, Kluyveromyces marxianus CCT 7082 and Kluyveromyces marxianus ATCC 16045, were analyzed. The pH and temperature optima, deactivation energy, thermal stability and kinetic and thermodynamic parameters were determined, as well as the ability to hydrolyze lactose and produce galactooligosaccharides. Purification process improved the properties of the enzymes, and the results showed that purified enzymes from both strains had a higher optimum temperature, and lower values of K-m, thus showing greater affinity for o-nitropheny1-beta-D-galactopiranoside than the crude enzymes. The production of galactooligosaccharides was also greater when using purified enzymes, increasing the synthesis by more than 30 % by both strains.
Subject: inactivation kinetics
thermal properties
thermodynamic parameters
Country: Croácia
Editor: Faculty Food Technology Biotechnology
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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