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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Kinematic time migration and demigration of reflections in pre-stack seismic data
Author: Iversen, E
Tygel, M
Ursin, B
de Hoop, MV
Abstract: In kinematic time migration one maps the time, slope and curvature characteristics of seismic reflection events, referred to as reflection-time parameters, from the recording domain of the seismic data to the time-migration domain. The inverse process is kinematic time demigration. We generalize kinematic time migration and demigration in several respects: the reflection-time parameters may belong to arbitrary sourcereceiver offsets; local heterogeneity of the time-migration velocity model is accounted for; the mapping operations do not depend specifically on the type of diffraction-time function and the parametrization of the velocity model. Time-migration and time-demigration spreading matrices are obtained as byproducts of the mapping operations. These matrices yield a paraxial expression for the connection between midpoint and image-point gather locations of mapped reflection events. Also, we obtain the time-migration counterpart of the so-called second duality theorem in Kirchhoff depth migration. Diffractions and reflections are assumed to be without conversion, and sources and receivers are located along the same measurement surface. Our framework enables the identification of a full set of first- and second-order reflection-time parameters from time-migrated seismic data followed by a kinematic demigration to the recording domain. The idea of this route is to undo eventual errors introduced by time migration and result in reliable estimation of recording-domain invariants, that is, parameters insensitive to the time-migration velocity model. The developed concepts associated with time migration are of interest in reflection seismic and global earth applications. Two numerical examples demonstrate the potential of kinematic time migration and demigration techniques in seismic time imaging and velocity-model building.
Subject: Image processing
Numerical approximations and analysis
Body waves
Computational seismology
Wave scattering and diffraction
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Oxford Univ Press
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05435.x
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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