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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Isomeric differentiation and quantification of alpha, beta-amino acid-containing tripeptides by the kinetic method: alkali metal-bound dimeric cluster ions|
|Abstract:||The kinetic method is applied to differentiate and quantify mixtures of isomeric tripeptides by generating and mass-selecting alkali metal ion-bound dimeric clusters and examining their competitive dissociations in an ion trap mass spectrometer. This methodology readily distinguishes the pairs of isomers examined here: (alpha-A)GG/(beta-A)GG, G(alpha-A)G/G(beta-A)G, and GG(alpha-A)/GG(beta-A). The isomeric selectivity increases with decreasing size of the metal ion, viz. from Cs to Rb to K to Na to Li. When alanine is at the N-terminus, as in the case of (alpha-A)GG/(beta-A)GG, the isomeric selectivity can exceed 10(3). The corresponding proton-bound dimers behave similarly to the Li clusters. Structural features that favor zwitterionic versus charge-solvated forms of the alkali metal-bound clusters are reflected in the b(n) and y(n) fragment ion abundances recorded by tandem mass spectrometry, and the propensities to form the charge-solvated or zwitterionic structures play a key role in promoting isomeric differentiation. The zwitterionic forms favor intramolecular interactions in the cluster and hence isomeric distinction. There is no discrimination in the formation of the alkali metal-bound dimers, so isomeric quantification is based entirely on dissociation kinetics. Previous kinetic method-based isomeric analyses have used the trimeric clusters and shown linear correlations between composition of the mixture of isomers and the logarithm of the branching ratio for competitive fragmentation. A similar relationship is found for the dimeric clusters examined here. As used here, the kinetic method provides a possible way for future quantitative analysis of mixtures of larger peptides such as those generated in combinatorial synthesis of peptides and peptide mimics. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
central ion effects
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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