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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Isolation and characterization of myofibroblast cell lines from oral squamous cell carcinoma|
De Aquino, SN
|Abstract:||Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) invasion is followed by several stromal events such as inflammatory and immune cell infiltration, neo-vascularization, fibroblast activation and occasionally myofibroblast emergence. Our previous studies demonstrated that myofibroblasts in the stroma of OSCC are associated with a more aggressive behavior, leading to shorter patient overall survival. Therefore, we evaluated whether OSCC-associated myofibroblasts have different characteristics compared to OSCC-associated fibroblasts. OSCC myofibroblast cell lines were isolated, cultured and characterized on the basis of the expression of specific isoform alpha of smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) and of the excessive production of type I collagen. To assess the proliferative potential of the cell lines, growth curves were constructed, whereas the production and activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) were analyzed by ELISA and enzymography, respectively. Myofibroblast clones were positive for alpha-SMA and vimentin, and negative for pan-cytokeratin and CD34. In lone time cultures, Western blotting, flow cytometry and ELISA analysis revealed constant alpha-SMA expression and elevated production of type I collagen. There were no differences on proliferative potential between fibroblast and myofibroblast clones, but myofibroblast cells secreted significantly higher levels of MMP-1, -2, -9 and -13. Furthermore. MMP-2 gelatinolytic activity was significantly higher in myofibroblast clones. The results of this study suggest that myofibroblasts may contribute to OSCC invasion through elevation of MMP synthesis.|
|Editor:||Spandidos Publ Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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