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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Isolation and characterization of Coffea genes induced during coffee leaf miner (Leucoptera coffeella) infestation|
|Abstract:||Coffea arabica, one of the most important breeding species in the world, is susceptible to the leaf miner Leucoptera coffeella, which causes severe damage to coffee plantations. A closely related coffee species (Coffea racemosa) resistant to this insect was crossed with C. arabica and resulted in segregating progenies with resistance or susceptibility to coffee leaf miner. The aim of this work was to isolate and characterize the genes involved in coffee resistance to this pest. Subtracted cDNA libraries enriched in genes preferentially expressed in coffee plants resistant to L. coffeella were constructed. Approximately 1500 clones were spotted on nylon membranes and hybridized to cDNA probes derived from RNA samples from infestation experiments. Several genes were differentiatly expressed. We selected expressed ESTs with the most interesting expression profiles and confirmed the up-regulation of five of them (Class III Chitinase PR-8, signal peptidase complex subunit SPC25, photosystem gene psaH, a putative calcium exchanger similar to CAX9 and a homeotic gene BEL) by RNA blot. The possible functions of these genes in coffee resistance and coffee development, and a hypothetical defense mechanism against L. coffeela are discussed. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.|
subtracted cDNA libraries
|Editor:||Elsevier Ireland Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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