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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Iron Insertion and Hematite Segregation on Fe-Doped TiO2 Nanoparticles Obtained from Sol-Gel and Hydrothermal Methods
Author: Santos, RD
Faria, GA
Giles, C
Leite, CAP
Barbosa, HD
Arruda, MAZ
Longo, C
Abstract: Iron-doped TiO2 (Fe:TiO2) nanoparticles were synthesized by the sol-gel method (with Fe/Ti molar ratio corresponding to 1, 3, and 5%), followed by hydrothermal treatment, drying, and annealing. A similar methodology was used to synthesize TiO2 and alpha-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. For comparison, a mixture hematite/titania, with Fe/Ti = 4% was also investigated. Characterization of the samples using Rietveld refinement of X-ray diffraction data revealed that TiO2 consisted of 82% anatase and 18% brookite; for Fe:TiO2, brookite increased to 30% and hematite was also identified (0.5, 1.0, and 1.2 wt % for samples prepared with 1, 3, and 5% of Fe/Ti). For hematite/titania mixture, Fe/Ti was estimated as 4.4%, indicating the Rietveld method tenability for estimation of phase composition. Because the band gap energy, estimated as 3.2 eV for TiO2, gradually ranged from 3.0 to 2.7 eV with increasing Fe content at Fe:TiO2, it can be assumed that a Fe fraction was also inserted as dopant in the TiO2 lattice. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectra obtained for the Ti K-edge and Fe K-edge indicated that absorbing Fe occupied a Ti site in the TiO2 lattice, but hematite features were not observed. Hematite particles also could not be identified in the images obtained by transmission electron microscopy, in spite of iron identification by elemental mapping, suggesting that hematite can be segregated at the grain boundaries of Fe:TiO2.
Subject: Fe-doped TiO2
sol-gel method
Rietveld refinement
phase segregation
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Chemical Soc
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1021/am301444k
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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