Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Involvement of NO in the failure of neutrophil migration in sepsis induced by Staphylococcus aureus|
|Abstract:||1. Sepsis induced by S. aureus was used to investigate whether neutrophil migration failure to infectious focus correlates with lethality in Gram-positive bacteria-induced sepsis in mice. 2 By contrast with the sub-lethal (SL-group), the lethal (L-group) intraperitoneal inoculum of S. aureus caused failure of neutrophil migration (92% reduction), high CFU in the exudate, bacteremia and impairment of in vitro neutrophil chemotactic activity. 3 Pre-treatments of L-group with adequate doses of aminoguanidine prevented the neutrophil migration failure and improved the survival of the animals (pre-treated: 43%; untreated: 0% survival). Thus, the impairment of neutrophil migration in the L-group appears to be mediated by nitric oxide (NO). 4 The injection of S. aureus SL-inoculum in iNOS deficient (-/-) or aminoguanidine-treated wild-type mice (pre- and post-treatment), which did not present neutrophil migration failure, paradoxically caused severe peritonitis and high mortality. This fact is explainable by the lack of NO dependent microbicidal activity in migrated neutrophils. 5 In conclusion, although the NO microbicidal mechanism is active in neutrophils, the failure of their migration to the infectious focus may be responsible for the severity and outcome of sepsis.|
failure of neutrophil migration
|Editor:||Nature Publishing Group|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.