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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Interleukin-10 is a protective factor against diet-induced insulin resistance in liver|
de Souza, CT
|Abstract:||Background/Aims: The anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-10 (IL-10), is known to exert a protective role in hepatic damage caused by viruses, alcohol, autoimmunity and a number of experimental aggressors. Recently, a protective role for IL-10 has also been proposed in diet-induced hepatic dysfunction. However, studies about the mechanisms involved in this process are controversial. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of endogenous IL-10 in the development of hepatic insulin resistance, associated with diet-induced fatty liver disease. Methods: Male Swiss mice treated for eight weeks with a high-fat diet became diabetic and developed non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which is characterized by increased hepatic fat deposition and liver infiltration by F4/80 positive cells. This was accompanied by an increased hepatic expression of TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-1 beta and IL-10, and by an impaired insulin signal transduction through the insulin receptor/IRS1-IRS2/PI3-kinase/Akt/FOXO1 signaling pathway. Results: Upon endogenous IL-10 inhibition for 5 days, using two distinct methods, a neutralizing anti-IL-10 antibody and an antisense oligonucleotide against IL-10, increased hepatic expression of the inflammatory markers TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-1 beta and F4/80 was observed. This was accompanied by a significant negative modulation of insulin signal transduction through insulin receptor/IRSI-IRS2/PI3-kinase/Akt/FOX01, and by the stimulation of hepatic signaling proteins involved in gluconeogenesis and lipid synthesis. Conclusions: Thus, in an animal model of diet-induced fatty liver disease, the inhibition of IL-10 promotes the increased expression of inflammatory cytokines, the worsening of insulin signaling and the activation of gluconeogenic and lipidogenic pathways. (C) 2008 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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