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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Interbasin Water Transfers: The Brazilian Experience and International Case Comparisons
Author: de Andrade, JGP
Barbosa, PSF
Souza, LCA
Makino, D
Abstract: This paper critically examines Brazil's transbasin diversion experiences and two select, large-scale transbasin projects outside of Brazil. Rather than simply compare Brazil's experiences with international cases, the authors explore the historical context of the projects, focusing on the water resources and environmental regulatory and institutional frameworks in place during the initial proposals and how they influenced the projects' development and completion rates. Huge investments, the lengthy time span between the date of the initial project proposals and the start of construction, the need to garner public and political support, and more recently, the need to fulfill national and regional environmental laws are major factors underlying heated public debates about the proposed projects. After a broad discussion about the subject, the authors examine a recently approved large-scale Brazilian project, the Sao Francisco river transbasin diversion. This river diversion project is considered crucial to the economic development of Brazil's semi-arid northeastern region. Despite the fact that this government-funded project was debated for several decades among the various stakeholders, it was approved under Brazil's newly formed water resources regulatory and environmental framework, which enabled improvements in various key technical aspects of the project, and greater involvement of various key social players.
Subject: Water transbasin diversion
Water supply
Water resources management
Interbasin transfers
Country: Holanda
Editor: Springer
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s11269-011-9781-6
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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