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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Interactions between ant species increase arrival rates of an ant parasitoid|
De Camargo, RX
|Abstract:||Behaviours or traits associated with aggression and communication may increase an animal's conspicuousness to predators or parasitoids. Most examples of this come from instances of aggression or communication within a species. We tested whether interspecific encounters between ants enhance the host location success of a parasitoid (Diptera: Phoridae) that attacks ants in the genus Linepithema. At food resources recruited to by Linepithema, parasitoid discovery rates were lower when Linepithema was alone than when other ant species were present. In experimentally controlled encounters, parasitoid discovery rates were elevated when Linepithema confronted an ant species that elicited use of chemicals, but not when it confronted an ant species that primarily elicited physical aggression. These results indicate that phorid parasitoids of Linepithema use the ant's chemicals as host location cues. Because Linepithema is known to abandon food resources in the presence of its phorid parasitoids, its use of chemicals during interspecific encounters may diminish its competitive success when phorids are nearby. (C) 2003 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf or The Association for the Study or Animal Behaviour.|
|Editor:||Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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