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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Influence of Double Flask Investing and Microwave Heating on the Superficial Porosity, Surface Roughness, and Knoop Hardness of Acrylic Resin
Author: Rizzatti-Barbosa, CM
Ribeiro-Dasilva, MC
Abstract: Purpose: Simultaneous polymerization of maxillary and mandibular complete dentures with teeth in occlusion through investing in a double special flask has been described as a more rapid and efficient method to polymerize prostheses than the conventional method; however, no study has been done to verify important properties of resin, including superficial porosity, surface roughness, and hardness, when processed by this technique. The purpose of this study was to verify if the simultaneous polymerization associated with microwave heating may alter the superficial porosity, surface roughness, and Knoop hardness of acrylic resin. Materials and Methods: Resin specimens processed in single and double dental flasks were compared using microwave energy and warm water methods. Four groups were tested according to the investing flask and the method of resin cure: Group I control specimens (n = 15) were invested in single metal flasks and cured by warm water at 74 degrees C for 9 hours. Group II (n = 15) specimens were invested in single polyvinyl chloride flasks and cured by microwave energy at 90 W for 20 minutes plus 450 W for 5 minutes. Group III (n = 30) and Group IV (n = 30) specimens were processed by simultaneous polymerization in double flasks and cured by the same warm water and microwave energy protocols, respectively. Results: No significant differences were found in mean superficial porosity (8.06 +/- 2.28 pore/cm(2)), surface roughness (0.14 +/- 0.03 mu m), or Knoop hardness (19.66 +/- 2.25 kgf/mm(2)) between the control group (GI), and the other three experimental groups (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Processing acrylic resin in a double flask heated by either warm water or microwave energy does not alter the resin's superficial porosity, surface roughness, or Knoop hardness; however, other properties of resin should be analyzed using this denture processing technique.
Subject: Acrylic resin
surface roughness
Knoop hardness
superficial porosity
microwave energy
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-blackwell
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-849X.2009.00469.x
Date Issue: 2009
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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