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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Infliximab reverses steatosis and improves insulin signal transduction in liver of rats fed a high-fat diet
Author: Barbuio, R
Milanski, M
Bertolo, MB
Saad, MJ
Velloso, LA
Abstract: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, induced by nutritional factors, is one of the leading causes of hepatic dysfunction in the modern world. The activation of proinflammatory signaling in the liver, which is induced by systemic and locally produced cytokines, and the development of hepatic insulin resistance are two important factors associated with the progression from steatosis to steatohepatitis, a pre-cirrhotic condition. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of inhibition of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, using the monoclonal antibody infliximab, on the expression of cytokines, induction of steatosis and fibrosis, and insulin signal transduction in the liver of Wistar rats fed a high-fat diet. Ten days of treatment with infliximab significantly reduced the expression of the proinflammatory markets, TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-1 beta, and SOCS-3, in the liver of rats fed a high-fat diet. This was accompanied by reduced fat deposition and fibrosis and by improved insulin signal transduction through insulin receptor (IR)/IR substrate/Akt/FOXO1 and JAK2/STAT3 pathways. In conclusion, short-term inhibition of TNF-alpha. with infliximab reduces inflammation and steatosis/fibrosis, while improving insulin signal transduction in an animal model treated with a high-fat diet.
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Soc Endocrinology
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1677/JOE-07-0234
Date Issue: 2007
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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