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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Increased primary resistance to recommended antibiotics negatively affects Helicobacter pylori eradication|
|Abstract:||Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of two commonly employed treatments for Helicobacter pylori infection and the impact of bacterial resistance to antibiotics on eradication rate. Methods. Ninety-two consecutive H. pylori-positive patients with active peptic ulcer disease were randomly enrolled to receive a 7-day treatment with either lansoprazole 30 mg plus amoxicillin 1 g and clarithromycin 500 mg [all twice a day (b.i.d.), Group A, n = 46]; or bismuth subcitrate 125 mg four times a day (q.i.d.) plus tetracycline 500 mg q.i.d and furazolidone 200 mg b.i.d. (Group B, n = 46) H. pylori status was reassessed 30 days after completion of the therapy and bacterial resistance to the antibiotics was investigated using an in vitro assay. Results. Five patients from each study group were lost to follow up. Both treatments resulted in similar H. pylori eradication rate: 66-60% (per protocol), 59-52% (intention-to-treat) in Groups A and B, respectively (non significant). However, eradication improved to 79% in the absence of H. pylori resistance to clarithromycin or amoxicillin. Conclusion. Primary resistance to clarithromycin or amoxicillin may underscore a potentially serious problem for the eradication of H. pylori infection. Testing for bacterial resistance may become necessary to improve therapeutic efficacy.|
|Editor:||Blackwell Publishing Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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