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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Increased cyclic guanosine monophosphate synthesis and calcium entry blockade account for the relaxant activity of the nitric oxide-independent soluble guanylyl cyclase stimulator BAY 41-2272 in the rabbit penile urethra|
De Nucci, G
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVES To study the direct relaxant activity of 5-cyclopropyl-2-[1-(2-fluorobenzyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-3-yl]pyrimidin-4-ylamine (BAY 41-2272) in the rabbit penile urethra and to investigate its modulatory effect on nitric oxide (NO)-mediated responses. METHODS Urothelium-intact (U+) and denuded (U-) rings were mounted in 10-mL organ baths for isometric force recording. Intracellular cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) levels were quantified with specific kits. RESULTS BAY 41-2272 (0.0001 to 10 mu mol/L) caused relaxation of urethral rings contracted with phenylephrine (10 mu mol/L), with higher potency (P < 0.01) in U+ (pEC(50) 7.77 +/- 0.09) compared with U- (pEC(50) 6.84 +/- 0.19) preparations. The NO synthesis inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (100 mu mol/L) or the soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4] oxadiazolo [4,3,-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) (10 mu mol/L) had no effect on BAY 41-2272 responses in U+ or U- rings. The phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor vardenafil (0.1 mu mol/L) potentiated the relaxant effects of BAY 41-2272 in both U+ (10-fold) and U- (sevenfold) tissues. Ca(2+)-induced contractions in K(+) depolarized rings were significantly attenuated by BAY 41-2272(1 mu mol/L) in an ODQ-insensitive manner. BAY 41-2272 (0.03-0.3 mu mol/L) increased the amplitude and duration of electrical field stimulation-induced relaxations (1 to 32 Hz), as well as those evoked by the NO donor glyceryl trinitrate (0.0001 to 10 mu mol/L). BAY 41-2272 induced ODQ-resistant increases in cGMP levels above baseline (approximately twofold) in both U + and U- rings. CONCLUSIONS BAY 41-2272 relaxes penile urethra in a synergic fashion with NO. Targeting soluble guanylate cyclase with BAY 41-2272 may represent a new therapy in the management of voiding disturbances associated with impaired NO-cGMP signaling.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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