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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Platelets induce human umbilical vein endothelial cell proliferation through P-selectin|
de Nucci, G
|Abstract:||We studied whether platelets could participate in the endothelial cell monolayer regeneration in the case of a vessel damage. Incorporation of [H-3]-thymidine into the DNA of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was measured after 48 h of co-incubation with platelets. The effect of platelets was compared to that of platelet-free supernatants from thrombin-activated platelets that had secreted their active granule constituents. Platelets dose-dependently induced KUVEC proliferation. Platelets preactivated by thrombin induced similar proliferation as did unactivated platelets (proliferation factor = 7 - 8), indicating that preactivation of platelets was not required. Platelets fixed with paraformaldehyde had no effect, suggesting that the platelet mitogenic effect required a mobile, alive membrane. Ketanserine and suramin reduced by at most 30 % the platelet-induced proliferation; supernatants of thrombin-activated platelets caused only minor proliferation (proliferation factor = 2), suggesting that secreted 5-hydroxytryptamine and growth factors poorly contributed to the proliferative effect. When the co-incubation was performed in the presence of an anti P-selectin antibody, the platelet-induced HUVEC proliferation was inhibited. The results suggest that platelet adhesion participate in the control of the endothelial regeneration and that platelet P-selectin is a molecular determinant of the proliferative signal.|
|Editor:||Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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