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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Plasma confinement using biased electrode in the TCABR tokamak
Author: Nascimento, IC
Kuznetsov, YK
Severo, JHF
Fonseca, AMM
Elfimov, A
Bellintani, V
Machida, M
Heller, MVAP
Galvao, RMO
Sanada, EK
Elizondo, JI
Abstract: Experimental data obtained on the TCABR tokamak (R = 0.61 m, a = 0.18 m) with an electrically polarized electrode, placed at r = 0.16 m, is reported in this paper. The experiment was performed with plasma current of 90 kA (q = 3.1) and hydrogen gas injection adjusted for keeping the electron density at 1.0 x 10(19) m(-3) without bias. Time evolution and radial profiles of plasma parameters with and without bias were measured. The comparison of the profiles shows an increase of the central line-averaged density, up to a maximum factor of 2.6, while H alpha hydrogen spectral line intensity decreases and the C III impurity stays on the same level. The analysis of temporal behaviour and radial profiles of plasma parameters indicates that the confined plasma enters the H-mode regime. The data analysis shows a maximum enhanced energy confinement factor of 1.95, decaying to 1.5 at the maximum of the density, in comparison with predicted Neo-Alcator scaling law values. Indications of transient increase of the density gradient near the plasma edge were obtained with measurements of density profiles. Calculations of turbulence and transport at the Scrape-Off-Layer, using measured floating potentials and ion saturation currents, show a strong decrease in the power spectra and transport. Bifurcation was not observed and the decrease in the saturation current occurs in 50 mu s.
Country: Austria
Editor: Int Atomic Energy Agency
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1088/0029-5515/45/8/005
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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