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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||PLASMA AMINO-ACID PATTERNS IN ALCOHOLIC PELLAGRA PATIENTS|
|Abstract:||Plasma amino acid concentrations in 33 male alcoholic patients with pellagra (age 20-68 years) were compared with those in 17 healthy male subjects (age 20-45 years). Pellagra diagnosis was made on the basis of the typical clinical skin picture, and low urinary excretion of N'methylnicotinamide and N'methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide (reduced by 70 and 80%, respectively, compared with controls). There were significant differences in body mass index, creatinine/high index and serum albumin between the two groups, indicating that besides pellagra the alcoholic patients had some degree of malnutrition. Of 17 plasma amino acids measured, the following had significantly lower concentrations in the pellagrins: tryptophan (3.65 vs 5.93-mu-mol/dl, pellagrin vs control), isoleucine (6.31 vs 11.13), leucine (11.54 vs 24.19), lysine (16.25 vs 34.47), methionine (2.61 vs 4.22), phenylalanine (5.71 vs 9.23), threonine (13.29 vs 26.81), valine (17.60 vs 41-06), alanine (42.54 vs 70.87), arginine (5.87 vs 10.09), tyrosine (5.57 vs 9.30). Glutamic acid was significantly higher in the pellagrins (18.45 vs 9.49). There was no difference between the groups of aspartic acid, glycine, histidine, proline and serine concentrations. It is concluded that pellagra is an important factor influencing the amino acid profiles in these patients. This finding should be taken into account when using plasma amino acid levels to assess the clinical status of the pellagrin.|
|Editor:||Oxford Univ Press United Kingdom|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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