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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Peripheral effect of a kappa opioid receptor antagonist on nociception evoked by formalin injected in TMJ of pregnant rats|
|Abstract:||The effect of sex hormones on orofacial pain modulation is poorly understood. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of hormonal changes as a result of pregnancy, as well as that of the kappa (kappa) opioid receptor antagonist on female rats' sensitivity to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) formalin test. Initially, female rats at estrus and pregnant females on day 19 of pregnancy received a 50 mul formalin (1.5%) injection in the right TMJ. The pregnant females showed a reduction in nociceptive responses to the TMJ formalin test when compared with those at estrus. Then, the selective kappa-opioid receptor antagonist nor-Binaltorphimine (nor-BNI), was co-administered with the formalin. Next, additional groups received the kappa(200 mug) receptor antagonist or 0.9% NaCl 24 hours prior to the periarticular injection of formalin. Co-administration of nor-BNI with formalin into the TMJ region had no significant effect. The pre-injection of selective kappa-opioid receptor antagonist, nor-BNI, significantly enhanced the nociceptive behavioral responses in pregnant females. When applied in the contralateral TMJ, nor-BNI did not affect the magnitude of the nociceptive response induced by formalin. It can be concluded that: 1) The increase of the sex hormone levels, as result of pregnancy, induces a reduction of nociceptive behavioral responses to the TMJ formalin test; 2) the peripheral kappa opioid receptor activation, by endogenous opioid agonists release, is involved in the antinociception to TMJ formalin test, induced by pregnancy. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
kappa opioid receptor
|Editor:||Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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