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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Pear Drying: Thermodynamics Studies and Coefficients of Convective Heat and Mass Transfer|
|Author:||da Silva, AN|
de Moraes, MN
de Faria, JT
|Abstract:||The objective of this work was to study the convective drying process used for cylindrical samples of two different pear varieties, one originating from Europe (Pyrus communis) and the other from Asia (Pyrus pyrifolia), submitted to two blanching treatments, as well as determine some coefficients referring to heat and mass transfer and thermodynamic parameters of the process, being: enthalpy (Delta H*), entropy (Delta S*) and Gibbs energy of activation (Delta G*). All samples were dried in a forced air oven at temperatures of (62, 76, 84 and 92)degrees C until reaching a constant mass. The heat and mass transfer coefficients referring to the constant and falling- rate drying periods were obtained by adjusting the experimental data to wet bulb temperature and liquid diffusion models, respectively. The heat and mass transfer coefficients varied linearly with temperature. Blanching altered the drying behavior of the two varieties in relation to the non- blanched samples, mainly at the elevated drying temperatures of 84 degrees C and 92 degrees C. Delta H* and Delta S* decreased while Delta G* increased with the elevation of drying temperature; therefore, it was possible to verify that variation in the diffusion process in pears during drying is dependent on energetic contributions of the environment.|
|Editor:||Walter De Gruyter Gmbh|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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