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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Patterns in foraging and nesting ecology in the neotropical ant, Gnamptogenys moelleri (Formicidae, Ponerinae)
Author: Cogni, R
Oliveira, PS
Abstract: This study provides quantitative field data on the natural history and foraging behaviour of the Neotropical bromeliad-nesting ant Gnamptogenys moelleri (Ponerinae) in a sandy plain forest in Southeast Brazil. The ant nested on different bromeliad species and the nests were more frequently found in bigger bromeliads. The species used a wide array of invertebrates in its diet, hunting for live prey and scavenging the majority of the items from dead animals. The food items varied greatly in size (1 to 26 mm). Hunting was always performed by solitary workers. Retrieving was performed by solitary workers (small items), or by a group of 3 to 12 workers recruited to the food source (large items). Almost all G. moelleri foraging activity was restricted to the nest bromeliad. In the warm period more ants left the nest to forage, and foraging trips achieved greater distances compared to the cool season. Trap data revealed that overall availability of arthropod prey is higher in the summer than in the winter. The opportunism in nest site use and in foraging behaviour, the small foraging area, as well as the seasonal differences in foraging activity are discussed and compared with other tropical ants.
Subject: ants
Country: Suíça
Editor: Birkhauser Verlag Ag
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s00040-003-0711-3
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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