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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Oxygen-induced changes in electron-energy-loss spectra for Al, Be and Ni
Author: Madden, HH
Landers, R
Kleiman, GG
Zehner, DM
Abstract: Electron-energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) data are presented to illustrate line shape changes that occur as a result of oxygen interaction with metal surfaces. The metals were aluminum, beryllium and nickel. Core-level EELS data were taken for excitations from A1(2p), Be(1s), Ni(3p/3s) and O(1s) levels to the conduction band (CB) density of states (DOS) of the materials. The primary beam energies for the spectra were 300, 450, 300, and 1135 eV, respectively. The data are presented in both the (as measured) first-derivative and the integral forms. The integral spectra were corrected for coherent background losses and analyzed for CB DOS information. These spectra were found to be in qualitative agreement with published experimental and theoretical studies of these materials. One peak in the spectra for A1 oxide is analyzed for its correlation with excitonic screening of the A1(2p) core hole. Similar evidence for exciton formation is found in the Ni(3p) spectra for Ni oxide. Data are also presented showing oxygen-induced changes in the lower-loss-energy EELS curves that, in the pure metal, are dominated by plasmon-loss and interband-transition signals. Single-scattering loss profiles in the integral form of the data were calculated using a procedure of Tougaard and Chorkendorff [S. Tougaard and I. Chorkendorff, Phys. Rev. B. 35, 6570 (1987)]. For all three oxides these profiles are dominated by a feature with a loss energy of around 20-25 eV. Although this feature has been ascribed by other researchers as due to bulk plasmon losses in the oxide, an alternative explanation is that the feature is simply due to O(2s)-to-CB-level excitations. An even stronger feature is found at 7 eV loss energy for Ni oxide. Speculation is given as to its source. The line shapes in both the core-level and noncore-level spectra can also be used simply as "fingerprints" of the surface chemistry of the materials. Our data were taken using commercially available surface analysis equipment and serve to complement surface information provided by Auger electron and/or x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. (C) 1999 American Vacuum Society. [S0734-2101(99)03205-4].
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Inst Physics
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1116/1.581936
Date Issue: 1999
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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