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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: QSAR and molecular graphics analysis of N-2-phenylguanines as inhibitors of herpes simplex virus thymidine kinases
Author: Gaudio, AC
Richards, WG
Takahata, Y
Abstract: A quantitative structure-activity relationship study of N-2-(substituted)-phenylguanines (PHG) as inhibitors of herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV TK) was performed. The activity of a set of PHG derivatives wee analyzed against the thymidine kinase of herpes simplex virus types 1 (HSV1 TK) and 2 (HSV2 TK). Classic and calculated physicochemical parameters were included in the analysis. The results showed that there is an important difference in the activity of the meta substituted PHG derivatives against HSV1 TK and HSV2 TK. The activity of the meta derivatives against HSV2 TK is influenced by a steric effect, which is not observed against HSV1 TK. The superposition of the three-dimensional structures of the active sites of HSV1 TK (crystal structure) and HSV2 TK (homology model) revealed that the amino acid Ile97 is located near the meta position in the HSV1 TK active site, whereas the amino acid Leu97 is located near the meta position in the HSV2 TK active site. This single difference in the active sites of both enzymes can explain the source of the steric effect and serves as an indication that our previously proposed binding mode for the PHG derivatives is plausible. However, another observed mutation in the active site region, Ala168 by Ser168, suggests that an alternative binding mode, similar to that of ganciclovir, could be possible. (C) 2000 by Elsevier Science Inc.
Subject: herpes simplex virus
thymidine kinase
phenyl-guanine binding mode
quantitative structure-activity relationships
Country: EUA
Editor: Elsevier Science Inc
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S1093-3263(00)00032-2
Date Issue: 2000
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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