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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Purification and structural characterization of fengycin homologues produced by Bacillus subtilis LSFM-05 grown on raw glycerol|
|Author:||de Faria, AF|
|Abstract:||Raw glycerol is a byproduct of biodiesel production that currently has low to negative value for biodiesel producers. One option for increasing the value of raw glycerol is to use it as a feedstock for microbial production. Bacillus subtilis LSFM 05 was used for the production of fengycin in a mineral medium containing raw glycerol as the sole carbon source. Fengycin was isolated by acid precipitation at pH 2 and purified by silica gel column chromatography and characterized using electrospray ionization (ESI) Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (ESI FT-ICR MS) with collision-induced dissociation (CID). The mass spectrum revealed the presence of the ions of m/z 1,435.7, 1,449.9, 1,463.8, 1,477.8, 1,491.8 and 1,505.8, which were further fragmented by ESI-MS/MS. The CID profile showed the presence of a series of ions (m/z 1,080 and 966) and (m/z 1,108 and 994) that represented the different fengycin homologues A and B, respectively. Fengycin homologues A and B are variants that differ at position 6 of the peptide moiety, having either Ala or Val residues, respectively. Mass spectrometry analyses identified four fengycin A and three fengycin B variants with fatty acid components containing 14-17 carbons. These results demonstrate that raw glycerol can be used as feedstock to produce fengycin, and additional work should focus on the optimization of process conditions to increase productivity.|
ESI FT-ICR mass spectrometry
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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