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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Purification and characterization of the bifunctional enzyme lysine-ketoglutarate reductase-saccharopine dehydrogenase from maize|
|Abstract:||The first enzyme of the lysine degradation pathway in maize (Zea mays L.), lysine-ketoglutarate reductase, condenses lysine and cu-ketoglutarate into saccharopine using NADPH as a cofactor, whereas the second, saccharopine dehydrogenase, converts saccharopine to alpha-aminoadipic-delta-semialdehyde and glutamic acid using NAD(+) or NADP(+) as a cofactor. The reductase and dehydrogenase activities are optimal at pH 7.0 and 9.0, respectively. Both enzyme activities, co-purified on diethylaminoethyl-cellulose and gel filtration columns, were detected on nondenaturing polyacrylamide gels as single bands with identical electrophoretic mobilities and share tissue specificity for the endosperm. The highly purified preparation containing the reductase and dehydrogenase activities showed a single polypeptide band of 125 kD on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The native form of the enzyme is a dimer of 260 kD. Limited proteolysis with elastase indicated that lysine-ketoglutarate reductase and saccharopine dehydrogenase from maize endosperm are located in two functionally independent domains of a bifunctional polypeptide.|
|Editor:||Amer Soc Plant Physiologists|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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