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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Prototypes and Folk Taxonomy: Artisanal Fishers and Snappers on the Brazilian Coast|
|Author:||de Oliveira, LEC|
|Abstract:||This study seeks to investigate the occurrence of prototypes in folk biology (specifically fisher folk taxonomy) and to understand the variables linked to their determination. A prototype is the most representative item within a group, category, or set of items. Given a group of fisher communities where snappers are fished, can we find prototypes in one locality and not in others? What are the variables that may be related to prototype determination in fisher folk knowledge? To answer these questions, we studied the folk taxonomy of snappers in five localities along the Brazilian coast by interviewing 88 fishermen and by collecting 239 specimens of 10 different species of Lutjanidae (snappers). We identified prototypes in two localities. Interestingly, the prototypes had the same basic folk names, but they correspond to different scientific species. On the basis of our data on fish landings, we observed that prototype species were relatively abundant in the area. Although size and color may play a role in prototype determination, they seemed less associated with prototypes than did relative abundance. These findings point in the direction of ecological salience as an indicator, in addition to morphological diagnostic characters, to explain the occurrence of prototypes in folk taxonomy.|
|Editor:||Univ Chicago Press|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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