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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Three-site Bose-Hubbard model subject to atom losses: Boson-pair dissipation channel and failure of the mean-field approach
Author: Shchesnovich, VS
Mogilevtsev, DS
Abstract: We employ the perturbation series expansion for derivation of the reduced master equations for the three-site Bose-Hubbard model subject to strong atom losses from the central site. The model describes a condensate trapped in a triple-well potential subject to externally controlled removal of atoms. We find that the pi-phase state of the coherent superposition between the side wells decays via two dissipation channels, the single-boson channel (similar to the externally applied dissipation) and the boson-pair channel. The quantum derivation is compared to the classical adiabatic elimination within the mean-field approximation. We find that the boson-pair dissipation channel is not captured by the mean-field model, whereas the single-boson channel is described by it. Moreover, there is a matching condition between the zero-point energy bias of the side wells and the nonlinear interaction parameter which separates the regions where either the single-boson or the boson-pair dissipation channel dominate. Our results indicate that the M-site Bose-Hubbard models, for M > 2, subject to atom losses may require an analysis which goes beyond the usual mean-field approximation for correct description of their dissipative features. This is an important result in view of the recent experimental works on the single-site addressability of condensates trapped in optical lattices.
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Physical Soc
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.82.043621
Date Issue: 2010
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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