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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Thermochemical studies of 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedione chelates of scandium group elements
Author: Santos, LS
Roca, S
Airoldi, C
Abstract: The standard molar enthalpies of formation of crystalline chelates M(thd)(3), (M = Sc, Y, La; and thd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionate), determined by reaction-solution calorimetry at T = (298.15 +/- 0.02) K, were found to be - (2317.83 +/- 11.7) kJ.mol(-1), - (2386.1 +/- 11.4)kJ.mol(-1), and - (2442.2 +/- 11.8)kJ.mol(-1), respectively. The corresponding molar enthalpies of sublimation, (79.6 +/- 2.4) kJ.mol(-1), 117 kJ.mol(-1), and (156.0 +/- 4.6) kJ.mol(-1), were obtained by differential scanning calorimetry or vapour pressure measurements, and enabled the calculation of the standard molar enthalpies of formation of the gaseous chelates. From the standard molar enthalpies of dissociation of the chelates (1575 +/- 62) kJ.mol(-1), (1652 +/- 62) kJ.mol(-1), and (1679 +/- 62) kJ.mol(-1), respectively, the mean metal-to-oxygen bond enthalpies were also calculated to be (263 +/- 10)kJ.mol(-1), (275 +/- 10)kJ.mol(-1), and (280 + 10) kJ.mol(-1), by assuming the equivalence of all bonds in the chelates. This first sequence of values obtained for the scandium group elements showed a tendency towards an increase of values with the increase of the metal's atomic number in this series. (C) 1997 Academic Press Limited.
Subject: thermochemistry
scandium group
metal-oxygen bond
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Academic Press Ltd
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 1997
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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