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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Thermal degradation kinetics of bixin in an aqueous model system
Author: Rios, AD
Borsarelli, CD
Mercadante, AZ
Abstract: The kinetics of the thermal degradation of the natural cis carotenoid bixin in a water/ethanol (8:2) solution was studied as a function of temperature (70-125 degrees C), using high-performance liquid chromatography. The curves for the decay of bixin and formation of products (e.g., di-cis and all-trans isomers and a C17 degradation compound) did not adjust well to a first-order rate law, but very good fits were obtained using a biexponential model. This mathematical modeling gave the rate OF constant values for the formation of the primary products from bixin, and the energy barrier for each step was obtained. The di-cis isomers were formed immediately (15 kcal/mol) together with the decay of bixin, followed by a slow consumption, indicating their role as reaction intermediates. In fact, the di-cis isomers could easily revert to bixin (E-a approximate to 3 kcal/mol) or yield the primary C17 degradation product, with an energy barrier of 6.5 kcal/mol. In turn, 24 kcal/mol was necessary for the Bix -> all-trans step, explaining its slower formation.
Subject: Bixin
Bixa orellana
degradation mechanism
Country: EUA
Editor: Amer Chemical Soc
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1021/jf0481655
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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