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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Molecular studies reveal that A134T, G156A and G1333A SNPs in the CD177 gene are associated with atypical expression of human neutrophil antigen-2|
|Abstract:||Background and Objectives The human neutrophil antigen-2 (HNA-2) is expressed on a subpopulation of neutrophils as most subjects present a negative plus a positive HNA-2 population of neutrophils. The number of neutrophils expressing HNA-2 is variable and may increase in pregnancy, infections, myeloproliferative disorders and after G-CSF. This study investigated the presence of polymorphisms in the gene encoding HNA-2 (CD177) in individuals presenting different patterns of antigen expression and determined the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with the heterogeneous HNA-2 expression. Materials and Methods Flow cytometry was employed to analyse the HNA-2 expression on neutrophils from 135 healthy subjects using two monoclonal antibodies (TAG4, 7D8). Sequencing reactions were performed on subjects whose antigen expression was low (< 50%), high (>= 80%) or atypical (a nonreactive population plus two distinct positive cell populations). Results Five SNPs were detected, two of them (A793C, G1084A) were related to a low expression of HNA-2 (P = 0 center dot 031 and P = 0 center dot 004). Atypical antigen expression was observed in 5 center dot 9% (8/135) of the individuals, three nonpregnant women and five men. In these cases, the cDNA sequences revealed three SNPs (A134T, G156A and G1333A) strongly related to this atypical HNA-2 expression (P = 0 center dot 004, P = 0 center dot 006 and P < 0 center dot 0001, respectively). Conclusions Our data show that polymorphisms in the CD177 are associated with variations in the HNA-2 expression and may be the cause of atypical expressions.|
|Editor:||Wiley-blackwell Publishing, Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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