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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Cyclization reactions of acylium and thioacylium ions with isocyanates and isothiocyanates: Gas phase synthesis of 3,4-dihydro-2,4-dioxo-2H-1,3,5-oxadiazinium ions|
|Abstract:||Gas-phase reactions of several acylium and thioacylium ions, that is H2C=N-C+=O, H2C=N-C+=S, O=C=N-C+=O, S=C=N-C+=O, H3C-C+=O, and (CH3)(2)N-C+=O, with both a model isocyanate and isothiocyanate, that is, C2H5-N=C=O and C2H5-N=C=S, were investigated using tandem-in-space pentaquadrupole mass spectrometry. In these reactions, the formation of mono- and double-addition products is observed concurrently with proton transfer products. The double-addition products are far more favored in reactions with ethyl isocyanate, whereas the reactions with ethyl isothiocyanate form, preferentially, either the mono-addition product or proton transfer products, or both. Retro-addition dominates the low-energy collision-induced dissociation of the mono- and double-addition products with reformation of the corresponding reactant ions. Ab initio calculations at Becke3LYP//6-311 + G(d,p) level indicate that cyclization is favored for the double-addition products and that products equivalent to those synthesized in solution, that is, of 3,4-dihydro-2,4-dioxo-2H-1,3,5-oxadiazinium. ions and sulfur analogs, are formed.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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