Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Cyclization of acylium ions with nitriles: gas-phase synthesis and characterization of 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ions|
|Abstract:||Gas phase reactions of mass-selected acylium ions [CH3-C+=O (1), CH2=CH-C+=O (2), C6H5-C+=O (3), and (CH3)(2)N-C+=O (4)] with nitriles (CH3CN, C2H5CN, CH2=CHCN, and C6H5CN) were investigated using pentaquadrupole multiple-stage mass spectrometry. In analogy with the solution behavior, the ions were found to react readily with benzonitrile by cyclization via double nitrile addition to form aromatic 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ions. Cyclization with acetonitrile, propionitrile, and acrylonitrile is less general and occurs readily only for 4, by far the most reactive acylium ion tested. In "one-pot" reactions of 4 with two-component nitrile mixtures, cyclization via double nitrile addition occurs readily and forms both equally and differently 4,6-disubstituted isomeric 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ions. Using MS' experiments, the 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ions were mass-selected and then either reacted with nitrogen nucleophiles or dissociated by low-energy collisions with argon. The nucleophiles add readily to the ions, whereas the symmetry of the 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ring allows two competitive dissociation pathways: double retro-addition that re-forms the reactant acylium ion, or an analogous dissociation that, formally and combined with cyclization, promotes group exchange between one nitrile and the acylium ion: RCO+ + 2 (RCN)-C-1 --> cyclic 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ion --> (RCO+)-C-1 (RCN)-C-1 + RCN. Isomeric 4,6-disubstituted 1,3,5-oxadiazinium ions are easily distinguished because the nitrile added second is lost first via the double retro-addition dissociation. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.|
pentaquadrupole tandem mass spectrometry
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.