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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Cross-sectional study of the association of body composition and physical fitness with bone status in children and adolescents from 11 to 16 years old
Author: de Moraes, AM
Goncalves, EM
Barbeta, VJD
Guerra, G
Abstract: Background: The aim of the study was to verify the association between body composition and physical fitness with bone status in children and adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 300 healthy students (148 boys, 152 girls). Weight, height, fat and fat-free mass, and percentage of body fat (%BF) were evaluated, as were physical fitness (abdominal exercise, flexibility, and horizontal jump tests) and maximum oxygen consumption. Bone parameters (amplitude-dependent speed of sound; AD-SoS) and the Ultrasound Bone Profile Index (UBPI) were evaluated using DBM Sonic BP ultrasonography. Results: In the study group, girls had higher bone parameter values than boys. A univariate analysis assessed in a stepwise multiple regression model was conducted. It showed that for boys, the %BF and height were significant independent variables for AD-SoS and UBPI, but the horizontal jump test only for AD-SoS (adjusted r(2) = 0.274; p < 0.001), and pubertal maturation only for UBPI (adjusted r(2) = 0.295; p < 0.001). For girls, age and %BF were identified as significant independent variables for AD-SoS and UBPI (adjusted r(2) = 0.093; p < 0.001) but height only for AD-SoS (adjusted r(2) = 0.408; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Variables related to growth (age, height, and pubertal maturation) are independent positive predictors for the bone parameters in both boys and girls. %BF is an independent negative predictor. For boys, the horizontal jump test was an independent positive predictor for AD-SoS, indicating that physical fitness related to the neuromotor system can influence the amount of bone present.
Subject: Ultrasonography
Fat mass
Physical activity
Body composition
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Biomed Central Ltd
Citation: Bmc Pediatrics. Biomed Central Ltd, v. 13, 2013.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-13-117
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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