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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Cross-neutralization of the neurotoxicity of Crotalus durissus terrificus and Bothrops jararacussu venoms by antisera against crotoxin and phospholipase A(2) from Crotalus durissus cascavella venom|
da Cruz-Hofling, MA
|Abstract:||We have previously demonstrated that rabbit antisera raised against crotoxin from Crotalus durissus cascavella venom (cdc-crotoxin) and its PLA(2) (cdc-PLA(2)) neutralized the neurotoxicity of this venom and its crotoxin. In this study, we examined the ability of these antisera to neutralize the neurotoxicity of Crotalus durissus terrificus and Bothrops jararacussu venoms and their major toxins, cdt-crotoxin and bothropstoxin-1 (BthTX-1), respectively, in mouse isolated phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparations. Immunoblotting showed that antiserum to cdc-crotoxin recognized cdt-crotoxin and BthTX-1, while antiserum to cdc-PLA(2) recognized cdt-PLA(2) and BthTX-1. ELISA corroborated this cross-reactivity. Antiserum to cdc-crotoxin prevented the neuromuscular blockade caused by C d. terrificus venom and its crotoxin at a venom/crotoxin: antiserum ratio of 1:3. Antiserum to cdc-PLA(2) also neutralized the neuromuscular blockade caused by C. d. terrificus venom or its crotoxin at venom or toxin:antiserum ratios of 1:3 and 1: 1, respectively. The neuromuscular blockade caused by B. jararacussu venom and BthTX-1 was also neutralized by the antisera to cdc-crotoxin and cdc-PLA(2) at a venom/toxin:antiserum ratio of 1: 10 for both. Commercial equine antivenom raised against C.d. terrificus venom was effective in preventing the neuromuscular blockade typical of B. jararacussu venom (venom: anti venom ratio of 1:2), whereas for BthTX-1 the ratio was 1:10. These results show that antiserum produced against PLA(2) the major toxin in C durissus cascavella venom, efficiently neutralized the neurotoxicity of C. d. terrificus and B. jararacussu venoms and their PLA(2) toxins. (c) 2005 Published by Elsevier Ltd.|
|Editor:||Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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