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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Mn2+ ions reduce the enzymatic and pharmacological activities of bothropstoxin-I, a myotoxic Lys49 phospholipase A(2) homologue from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom
Author: Soares, AM
Oshima-Franco, Y
Vieira, CA
Leite, GB
Fletcher, JE
Jiang, MS
Cintra, ACO
Giglio, JR
Rodrigues-Simioni, L
Abstract: Bothropstoxin-I (BthTX-I), a myotoxic Lys49 phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) homologue isolated from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom, causes a range of biological effects, including myonecrosis, mouse paw edema, irreversible neuromuscular blockade and lysis of cell cultures. Among eight divalent cations assayed, Mn2+ was the most effective in reducing mouse paw edema induced by BthTX-I (25 mug). Preincubating BthTX-I with Mn2+ (1.0 mM) reduced mouse paw edema by 70% and myotoxicity by 60% in mice injected i.m. with 50 mug toxin. Mn2+ (50 mul of a 1 mM solution) administered within 1 min at the site of toxin injection was still but less effective in antagonising BthTX-I-induced myotoxicity. Mn2+ (1.0 mM) completely prevented BthTX-I (1.4 muM)-induced neuromuscular blockade in the mouse phrenic-nerve diaphragm preparation. Mn2+ (0.25 mM) protected about 85% of NB41A3 cells from lysis whets coincubated with BthTX-I (1.0 muM) for 25 h. Preincubation with 0.25 mM Mn2+ increased the sensitivity of the cells to subsequent lysis by BthTX-I in the absence of Mn2+. BthTX-I (1 muM;) caused extensive fatty acid release (from 0.8% of the total radiolabeled lipid in control cells to 56% with toxin) when incubated with the NB41A3 cell line for 25 h. PLA(2), activity observed in cell cultures after addition of BthTX-I was considerably reduced by 0.25 mM Mn2+. Mn2+ ions constitute a promising agent to assess the action mechanism and the effects of enzymatic inhibition on the pharmacological activity of Lys49 PLA(2), homologues. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: bothropstoxin-I
phospholipase A(2)
Mn2+ ions
Bothrops jararacussu
snake venom
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Citation: International Journal Of Biochemistry & Cell Biology. Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, v. 34, n. 6, n. 668, n. 677, 2002.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S1357-2725(01)00174-1
Date Issue: 2002
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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