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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Mn2+ ions reduce the enzymatic and pharmacological activities of bothropstoxin-I, a myotoxic Lys49 phospholipase A(2) homologue from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom|
|Abstract:||Bothropstoxin-I (BthTX-I), a myotoxic Lys49 phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) homologue isolated from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom, causes a range of biological effects, including myonecrosis, mouse paw edema, irreversible neuromuscular blockade and lysis of cell cultures. Among eight divalent cations assayed, Mn2+ was the most effective in reducing mouse paw edema induced by BthTX-I (25 mug). Preincubating BthTX-I with Mn2+ (1.0 mM) reduced mouse paw edema by 70% and myotoxicity by 60% in mice injected i.m. with 50 mug toxin. Mn2+ (50 mul of a 1 mM solution) administered within 1 min at the site of toxin injection was still but less effective in antagonising BthTX-I-induced myotoxicity. Mn2+ (1.0 mM) completely prevented BthTX-I (1.4 muM)-induced neuromuscular blockade in the mouse phrenic-nerve diaphragm preparation. Mn2+ (0.25 mM) protected about 85% of NB41A3 cells from lysis whets coincubated with BthTX-I (1.0 muM) for 25 h. Preincubation with 0.25 mM Mn2+ increased the sensitivity of the cells to subsequent lysis by BthTX-I in the absence of Mn2+. BthTX-I (1 muM;) caused extensive fatty acid release (from 0.8% of the total radiolabeled lipid in control cells to 56% with toxin) when incubated with the NB41A3 cell line for 25 h. PLA(2), activity observed in cell cultures after addition of BthTX-I was considerably reduced by 0.25 mM Mn2+. Mn2+ ions constitute a promising agent to assess the action mechanism and the effects of enzymatic inhibition on the pharmacological activity of Lys49 PLA(2), homologues. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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